四川省双流中学 2018—2019 学年度下期半期考试 高一英语试题
本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分。第Ⅰ卷（选择题）1 至 8 页，第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）9 至 10 页，共 10 页，满分 150 分，考试时间 120 分钟。 注意事项： 1. 答第Ⅰ卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2. 选出每小题答案后，用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案 标号。不能答在本试卷上，否则无效。 第Ⅰ卷（90 分） 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 第一节（共 5 个小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位 置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does the man offer probably? A. Soft drink. B. Strong drink. C. Diet drink. 2. What does the man recommend? A. A film. B. A party. C. An activity. 3. Who will probably read the paper after Peter? A. Jane. B. Sandy. C. Peter. 4. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Boss and secretary. B. Teacher and student. C. Waiter and customer. 5. What do the two speakers feel about skiing? A. Excited. B. Nervous. C. Difficult. 第二节（共 15 个小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳项，并标在试 卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的 作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What is the woman complaining about?
A. The hotel’s facility and service.
B. Laziness of the hotel manager.
C. The unbearable music.
7. Who will talk to the guests next door?
.A. The man himself. B. The doorkeeper. C. The maid.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. What’s the man’s phone number? A. 29803382. B. 28790382. C. 28903382. 9. Where is the woman going tonight? A. To Adam’s home. B. To the hospital. C. To the cinema. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10 What plays an important role in keeping one healthy according to the man?
A. Doing exercise. B. Having breakfast. 11. Who’s the woman?
C. Drinking enough water.
A. The man’s patient B. Barry’s sister. C. Bob’s mother.
12. What is the man’s last piece of advice?
A. Having enough sleep. B. Eating in a healthy way. C. Drinking a glass of milk every day.
听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。
13. What color swimming costume does the woman want?
A. Yellow and green. B. Blue and yellow C. Blue and green.
14. How much should the woman pay for the swimming costume?
A. 16.50 pounds. B. 22.65 pounds. C. 26. 40 pounds.
15. On which page are the pool shoes the woman prefers?
A. 77. B. 38. C. 14.
16. What size shoe does the woman order?
A. Small. B. Medium. C. Large.
听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。
17. Why does the speaker mention the ancestors in the beginning of the text?
A. To make a comparison. B. To introduce their lives. C. To thank them.
18. What does the speaker think of outdoor lighting in most cities?
.A. It is not helpful most of the time.
B It plays an important role in city lives.
C. It is too bright and sometimes unnecessary. 19. What have many cities in the world done? A. They have made changes in the use of outdoor lighting. B. They have passed some laws to stop wasting energy. C. They have organized many environmental activities. 20. What is the text mainly about? A. Electrical energy. B. Light pollution. C. The importance of lights. 第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节：（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项 A、B、C、D 中选出最佳选项。
A The dream to travel the world has always been in the mind of many. The national geographic and Discovery Channel videos are just not enough. You can only feel the excitement of experiencing all those fascinating wildlife, countryside or adventure tourism documentaries by traveling the world. Here are the best destination countries based on safety, culture, ease of transportation, and accommodation for single travelers in 2018. Bali Island, Indonesia The cheapest of all countries to visit. Living in a comfortable room, having three meals a day and a few beers for only 25 dollars per day! Accommodation and goods are cheap everywhere, especially when you move further to the north. Italy Lined with olive trees, hilltop towns, and wonderful beaches, Italy is one of the most sought-after destinations; Not forgetting the wine and wine-cooked barbecues. All the cities of Italy are always full of tourists all year around. Vietnam Vietnam suburbs or the city of Hanoi is just where you need to be. Amazing landscapes, friendly locals, cheap food and affordable services, Cab services are a mere 10 dollars or less compared to cab services in the States which can get as high as 30 dollars for a couple of blocks away.
You don’t talk of France without mentioning Eiffel tower. At night, it gives the most incredible view
of France. Avoid the long lines to the tower and book your trip earlier For Catholics or historians, the
Notre Dame and its surroundings will attract you with its ancient mummified (制成木乃伊的) cats, while
Les Invalides military museum has all types of the world war weapons.
1. Which country will probably be your choice if you like beaches?
2. What can you do in Bali Island?
A. See mummified animals.
B. Appreciate splendid scenery.
C. Buy cheap things.
D. Have wine-cooked barbecues.
3. What can you infer from the text?
A. You can take a taxi at only 25 dollars in Vietnam.
B. You can see different kinds of weapons in France.
C. You can taste wine and barbecues from all over the world in Italy.
D. You can spend only 10 dollars to have a comfortable day in Indonesia.
【答案】1. D 2. C 3. B
本文属于说明文，介绍了 2018 年最适宜单个旅行者旅行的地方，分别是巴厘岛、意大利、越南、法国。
细节理解题。根据第三段 Lined with olive trees, hilltop towns, and wonderful beaches, Italy is one of the
most sought-after destinations 可知，意大利有很美妙的沙滩，橄榄树以及山顶小镇，故选 D。
细节理解题。根据第二段 The cheapest of all countries to visit. Living in a comfortable room, having three
meals a day and a few beers for only 25 dollars per day!可知，巴厘岛的消费是四个中最低的，一天只需要花
费 25 美元，故选 C。
推理判断题。根据最后一段 while Les Invalides military museum has all types of the world war weapons 可
知，法国的 Les Invalides 军事博物馆陈列着世界上各种各样的世界战争的武器，故选 B。
Check out our tsunami (海啸) facts and lean some interesting information related to these great walls of water that can cause so much destruction. Find out what causes tsunamis and read about some notable recent examples of tsunamis that have occurred around the globe.
Tsunamis are huge waves of water that are usually caused by earthquakes or volcanic eruptions. As a tsunami approaches the shore, water may move back from the coast. If it is shallow enough, the water may be pulled back hundreds of meters. If you are in the area, observing this is a good indication that a tsunami is on the way. Regions in tsunami danger zones often have warning systems in place to give people as much time to evacuate (撤离) as possible. When tsunamis hit shallow water (often near the coast), they slow down but increase in height. An earthquake in the Indian Ocean off Indonesia in December 2004 caused a tsunami that killed over 200, 000 people in 14 countries. In March 2011, the Tohoku earthquake off the eastern coast of Japan caused a tsunami that was a major factor in the death of over 15, 000 people. The tsunami waves created by the Tohoku earthquake reached heights of over 40 metres (131feet) in mine areas, wiping out coastal towns and causing a number of nuclear accidents. The Japanese word “tsunami” literally means “harbour wave”. Tsunamis are sometimes referred to as tidal waves but this term has fallen out of favour because tsunamis are not related to tides. 4. Which of the following shows a tsunami is coming soon? A. An earthquake takes place. B. The water marches towards the coast. C. The water near the shore is pulled back. D. The water near the shore is very shallow. 5. In the Tohoku earthquake, over 15,000 people died mainly because of ________. A. the earthquake itself B. the lack of warming systems C. the tsunami caused by the earthquake D. the nuclear accidents caused by the tsunami 6. What can we learn from the passage? A. The word “tsunami” is from British English.
B. The term “tidal wave” is used more often than “tsunami.”
C. Some nuclear accidents happened after Indonesia tsunami.
D. More people died in Indonesia tsunami than in Tohaku tsunami.
7. The passage is developed mainly by _________.
A. listing some facts
B. making some comparison
C. providing some numbers
D. making some conclusions
【答案】4. C 5. C 6. D 7. A
细节理解题。根据文章第三段"If it is shallow enough，the water may be pulled back hundreds of metres…"
可知"海岸附*的海水退去"这一现象是海啸即将到来的标志，故 C 项正确。
细节理解题。根据文章倒数第三段 In March 2011，the Tohoku earthquake off the eastern coast of Japan caused
a tsunami that was a major factor in the death of over 15，000people．可知，地震引起的海啸是人们死亡的
主要原因，故 C 项符合题意。
细节理解题。根据文章倒数第三段 In March 2011，the Tohoku earthquake off the eastern coast of Japan caused
a tsunami that was a major factor in the death of over 15，000people．和倒数第四段 An earthquake in the
Indian Ocean off Indonesia in December 2004caused a tsunami that killed over 200，000people in 14countries．可
知，在印度尼西亚海啸中死亡的人比在东日本大海啸中死亡的人多，故 D 项符合题意。
推理判断题。根据文章的最后几段 Indian Ocean off Indonesia 和 Tohoku earthquake 可知，作者主要是通过列举
事实展开文章，故 A 项符合题意。
C JERUSALEM—Israel’s Environmental Protection Ministry asked citizens Wednesday to avoid unnecessary physical activity and stay indoors, as a serious sandstorm struck the Middle East in a thick yellow haze (霾) for a second day with no hope to see things clearly. The ministry said heavy levels of dust and sand in the air were a threat to cities throughout the country. The ministry’s website advised pregnant women, the elderly and those with heart and respiratory (呼吸
的) conditions to stay indoors, and asked schools to keep children indoors.
The emergency service Magen David Adom reported that it has treated more than 300 Israelis suffering
from breathing problems, and that hospitals have more respiratory-related patients, including a large
number of the elderly and those with asthma and related conditions.
The domestic Israeli airlines Arkia and Israir continued to ground their flights to Eilat because of
The sandstorm has affected Egypt, Jordan, Iraq, Lebanon and Syria, where at least five deaths have
“There has been nothing that came close to the magnitude of this sandstorm,” said Daniel Rosenfeld,
a professor with the Institute of Earth Sciences at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.
“While Israel has experienced a number of sandstorms in the past, they started from the Sinai Desert
and the Sahara Desert to the south and were joined by winter windstorms that cleared the air,” he said.
In this case, the storm comes from Syria and Iraq to the north and east.
Because the storm is hitting during the summer, at a time of both little wind and severe heat and humidity,
forecasters expect the particles to remain in the air throughout the weekend and possibly into next week.
“This is really puzzling,” said Rosenfeld, adding that he and his colleague will conduct research
into the origins of the unprecedented (前所未有的) storm. (326 words)
8. What’s the probable meaning of the underlined word “ground” in Paragraph 4?
9. It can be learned from the text that the sandstorm ________.
A. happened in winter
B. showed no sign of weakening
C. came from Syria and Iraq to the south
D. could clear the air
10. How did Rosenfeld feel about the origins of the storm?
11. Where does the text probably come from?
A. a novel
B. a news story
C. a geography book
D. a travel guide
【答案】8. C 9. B 10. A 11. B
【分析】 本文属于新闻，介绍以色列遭受一场沙尘暴的袭击，环保部警告人们尽量不要外出，医院接待呼吸类病人增多，航班 减少，预计持续到周末，其原因气候学家还没有弄清楚。 【8 题详解】 词义猜测题。根据第四段 The domestic Israeli airlines Arkia and Israir continued to ground their flights to Eilat because of reduced visibility.中的 because of reduced visibility 可知，由于能见度降低，因而可 知以色列的航班禁止飞行，因此选 C。 【9 题详解】 推理判断题。根据倒数第二段 Because the storm is hitting during the summer, at a time of both little wind and severe heat and humidity, forecasters expect the particles to remain in the air throughout the weekend and possibly into next week.可知，由于本次沙尘暴发生在夏季，风很小，天气炎热，湿度很低，因此预测沙尘暴 持续到周末，甚至到下周，故可知，沙尘暴没有显示出缓解的迹象，故选 B。 【10 题详解】 推理判断题。根据最后一段 This is really puzzling,” said Rosenfeld 可知，这很让人疑惑，可知对此持疑惑的 态度，故选 A。 【11 题详解】 推理判断题。根据文章可知，介绍以色列遭受一场沙尘暴的袭击，环保部警告人们尽量不要外出，医院接待呼吸类病 人增多，航班减少，预计持续到周末，故可知本文属于新闻，故选 B。 【点睛】词义猜测题做题技巧。关于词义猜测题做题技巧。词义猜测题是阅读理解中常见的一种题型，主要有对生词 的词义猜测，熟词新义以及代词的猜测。其关键是根据上下文的逻辑关系，利用已掌握的信息，有必要的时候，借助 生活或者文化常识，确定单词的词义。 比如小题 1，词义猜测题。根据第四段 The domestic Israeli airlines Arkia and Israir continued to ground their flights to Eilat because of reduced visibility.中的 because of reduced visibility 可知，由于能见度降低， 因而可知以色列的航班禁止飞行，因此选 C。
D Kong Zi, also called Confucius (551—479B.C.), and Socrates(苏格拉底) (469—399 B.C.) lived only a hundred years apart, and during their lifetimes there was no contact between China and Greece, but it is interesting to look at how the world that each of these great philosophers came from shaped their ideas, and how these ideas in turn, shaped their societies. Neither philosopher lived in times of peace, though there were more wars in Greece than in China. The Chinese
states were very large and feudal, while the Greek city-states were small and urban. The urban environment
in which Socrates lived allowed him to be more radical (激进的) than Confucius. Unlike Confucius, Socrates
was not asked by rulers how to govern effectively. Thus, Socrates was able to be more idealistic, focusing
on issues like freedom, and knowledge for its own sake. Confucius, on the other hand, advised those in
government service, and many of his students went out to government service.
Confucius suggested the Golden Rule as a principle for the conduct of life: "Do not do to others what you
would not want others to do to you." He assumed that all men were equal at birth, though some had more
potential than others, and that it was knowledge that set men apart. Socrates focused on the individual,
and thought that the greatest purpose of man was to seek wisdom. He believed that the superior class should
rule the inferior (下层的) classes.
For Socrates, the family was of no importance, and the community of little concern. For Confucius, however,
the family was the centre of the society, with family relations considered much more important than political
Both men are respected much more today than they were in their lifetimes.
12. Which of the following is TURE according to the first paragraph?
A. Socrates and Confucius had much in common
B. Confucius had much influence on Socrates’ ideas.
C. The societies were influenced by the philosophers’ ideas.
D. There were cultural exchanges between China and Greece.
13. Socrates shared with Confucius the idea that ________.
A. all men were equal when they were born
B. the lower classed should be ruled by the upper class
C. the purpose of man was to seek freedom and wisdom
14. What made some people different from others according to Confucius?
15. This passage is organized in the pattern of ________.
A. time and events
B. comparison and contrast
C. cause and effect
D. definition and classification
【答案】12. C 13. B 14. C 15. B
【12 题详解】 根据文章第一段最后一句后半句“and how these ideas in turn,shaped their societies”可知 C 项正确,而 A 项 在第一段没有提及,B 项与 D 项与第一段的“During their lifetimes there was no contact between China and Greece”不符。 【13 题详解】 根据第三段最后一句“Like Confucius,he believed that the superior class should rule the inferior classes.” 可以判断。 【14 题详解】 根据文章第三段中“and that it was knowledge that set men apart.”可以判断。 【15 题详解】 文章的谋篇布局主要是以比较和对照来阐述两位伟大哲学家孔子与苏格拉底的哲学思想对社会的影响以及思想观点 的相似与不同的。故 B 项正确。
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Make Stress Work for You Stress can come from all directions. ___16___ Rather than only looking for ways to change the stress-filled situations, look for stress that can work for you. These methods are suggestions to make stress work in your favor. ___17___ Colors of the walls, floor coverings, and furniture can reduce stress. Cooling greens and blues are positive colors that can reduce stress and create a sense of well-being. Choose friends carefully. Your choice of friends can be the key to stress reduction. Friends should be people who help us to increase our strengths and create solutions to stressful situations. ___18___ Stop and look at yourself. Take time to recognize signs of stress like anger, work and sleep habits. As you become aware of these signs, you are beginning to identify how to make stress work. ___19___ We can accept what we cannot change by changing what we can Make choices that are realistic
not out of reach. Don’t say yes to everything. Recognize what your strengths are and focus on taking the time to do
a project built on them. Taking on too many projects results in loss of control and creates stress. Maintain a sense of humor. ___20___ And laughing creates less wrinkles (皱纹) than worrying.
A. We live in a stress-filled world. B Leave time for the unexpected. C Accept what cannot be changed. D. Create environments that reduce stress. E. They support us and make us feel that we are not alone. F. Laughing at oneself can release potential stress from the inside. G. When you come across a difficult situation, stop and think of how to use it to make things better. 【答案】16. A 17. D 18. E 19. C 20. F 【解析】 本文属于说明文，介绍把压力变为对自己有益的东西的方法。 【16 题详解】 根据前一句 Stress can come from all directions.可知，压力来自方方面面，介绍压力的来源，A 选项，我们生活 在一个充满压力的世界，与前文意思一致，切题，故选 A。 【17 题详解】 根据后一句 Colors of the walls, floor coverings, and furniture can reduce stress 可知，彩色的墙面，多彩 的鲜花以及家具可以缓解我们的压力，介绍缓解压力的方法，D 选项，创造可以缓解压力的环境，总领后文，切题， 故选 D。 【18 题详解】 根据前一句 Friends should be people who help us to increase our strengths and create solutions to stressful situations.可知，我们的朋友应该是那些可以帮助我们增强自己的优势的人，当我们遇到压力的时候，可以提供解 决办法，E 选项，他们会支持我们，让我们感到不孤单，均是陈述朋友对我们缓解压力的作用，切题，故选 E。 【19 题详解】 根据后一句 We can accept what we cannot change by changing what we can Make choices that are realistic, not out of reach.可知，我们可以接受那些不能改变的事情，通过选择实际的东西，而不是不切实际的东西，可知， 要考虑实际，与 C 切题，故选 C。 【20 题详解】 根据后一句 And laughing creates less wrinkles (皱纹) than worrying.可知，与担忧相比，笑容可以减少我们 皱纹，F 选项，自嘲可以缓解内部的潜在压力，都是陈述笑得作用去，切题，故选 F。
第三部分 语言知识运用（共 2 节，满分 45 分）
第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
On Thursday morning, two teenage boys were rescued by a drone (无人机) in Australia while lifeguards
were still training to use the machine.
The ___21___, aged 15-17, got into difficulties about 700 feet off the coast of Lennox Head, New South
Wales (NSW). A passerby saw them ___22___ in dangerous waves. Lifesavers ___23___ sent the drone to drop
a lifeboat, and the pair made their way safely to the ___24___.
The drone, known as “Little Pipper”, was actually not ___25___ to be saving anyone just
yet---lifeguards were being trained to ___26___ the machine. When a call came about the swimmers ___27___,
the drone happened to be nearby.
Jai Sheridan was the lifeguard who ___28___ the drone. He described the experience as ___29___. “The
Little Ripper ___30___ proved itself today. It is a highly efficient (高效的) piece of lifesaving equipment.
I was ___31___ the drone when the alarm was raised. I directed it towards the swimmers, and dropped the
___32___. With its support they made their way to safety. They were ___33___, but not hurt. The teens were
rescued in just 70 seconds with the drone---while a lifeguard would have taken up to six minutes to ___34___
John Barilaro, an official of the state, ___35___ the rescue as historic. “It was the world’s ___36___
rescue by the unmanned aircraft”, he said. “Never before has a drone been used to ___37___ swimmers like
Last December, the NSW state government ___38___ some “Little Ripper” drones for 247,000 pounds.
___39___ some are designed to spot sharks, others are ___40___ with lifeboats, alarms and loudspeakers.
“It was money well spent,” said John Barilaro.
21. A. swimmers
22. A. playing
23. A. finally
24. A. island
25. A. advised
26. A. operate
27. A. in charge
B. in place
C. in action
D. in trouble
28. A. flew
29. A. funny
30. A. necessarily B. basically
31. A. studying
32. A. lifebelt
33. A. sick
34. A. record
35. A. thanked
36. A. latest
37. A. rescue
38. A. offered
39. A. Since
40. A. equipped
【答案】21. A 22. C 23. C 24. D 25. B 26. A 27. D 28. A 29. C 30. D 31. B
32. D 33. B 34. B 35. D 36. C 37. A 38. B 39. C 40. A
考查名词词义辨析。句意：游泳者，15 到 17 岁，在离海岸 700 英尺的地方遇到困难。A. swimmers 游泳者；B. pilots
飞行员；C. visitors 游客；D. rescuers 营救队员。根据后文 A passerby saw them ___2___ in dangerous waves
考查动词词义辨析。句意：一个路过的人看见他们在惊涛骇浪中挣扎。A. playing 玩；B. surfing 冲浪；C. struggling
挣扎；D. training 训练。根据文章可知，他们遇到麻烦，在惊涛骇浪中挣扎，故选 C。
最终；B. secretly 秘密地；C. immediately 立刻；D. gratefully 感激地。根据前文 while lifeguards were still
training to use the machine 可知，救生人员立刻用无人机送了救生艇，故选 C。
岛屿；B. ship 船；C. hospital 医院；D. shore 岸边。根据文章可知，这两个游泳者获救，故选 D。
考查动词词义辨析。句意：这个无人机实际上不应该去营救别人，因为救生人员正在培训操作这辆无人机。A. advised 建议；B. supposed 假如；C. allowed 允许；D. guided 指导。根据后文可知，救生队员对无人机不熟练，不应该用 于救人，故选 B。 【26 题详解】 考查动词词义辨析。句意：这个无人机实际上不应该去营救别人，因为救生人员正在培训操作这辆无人机。A. operate 操作；B. repair 修理；C. work 工作；D. power 充电。根据前文 while lifeguards were still training to use the machine 可知，救生队员正在培训使用无人机，故选 A。 【27 题详解】 考查介词词义辨析。句意：当遇到麻烦的游泳者的电话打过来的时候，无人机恰好就在附*。A. in charge 负责； B. in place 在设当的位置；C. in action 在行动中；D. in trouble 麻烦之中。根据文章可知，游泳者处于困境， 故选 D。 【28 题详解】 考查动词词义辨析。句意：Jai Sheridan 是负责操作无人机的救生人员。A. flew 飞；B. brought 带来；C. checked 检查；D. designed 设计。根据后文 He described the experience 可知，他参与了营救的事件，故可知是他在负责 飞行无人机，故选 A。 【29 题详解】 考查形容词词义辨析。句意：他描述这次经历很让人惊讶。A. funny 有趣的；B. useful 有用的；C. amazing 惊讶 的；D. important 重要的。根据后文 proved itself today.可知，无人机证明了可行性，故很惊讶，故选 C。 【30 题详解】 考查副词词义辨析。句意：无人机的确证明了自己。A. necessarily 必要地；B. basically 基本地；C. probably 可能；D. certainly 当然。根据文章可知，无人机通过这次事件证明了其可行性，故选 D。 【31 题详解】 考查动词词义辨析。句意：当报警声音响起的时候，我正在操控这个无人机。A. studying 学*；B. piloting 驾驶； C. boarding 登机；D. inspecting 检查。根据后文 I directed it towards the swimmers 可知，这个救生队员正在 操控无人机，故选 B。 【32 题详解】 考查名词词义辨析。句意：我把无人机导过去，把救生艇扔下去。A. lifebelt 安全带；B. lifeline 救生索；C. lifeguard 救生队；D. lifeboat 救生艇。根据前文可知，无人机把救生艇扔下去了，故选 D。 【33 题详解】 考查形容词词义辨析。句意：他们很疲惫，但是没有受伤。A. sick 生病的；B. tired 疲惫的；C. excited 兴奋的； D. surprised 惊讶的。根据文章可知，游泳者获救，因此很疲惫，故选 B。
【34 题详解】 考查动词词义辨析。句意：在无人机的帮助下，这两个青少年在 70 秒内就获救了，而救生队员则要花长达 6 分钟的 时间完成营救。A. record 记录；B. complete 完成；C. experience 经历；D. report 报道。根据文章可知，本句描 述无人机和人工救援的对比，故选 B。 【35 题详解】 考查动词词义辨析。句意：John Barilaro ，这个州的官员称赞这次营救有着相当的历史意义。A. thanked 感谢； B. greeted 打招呼；C. imagined 想象；D. praised 称赞。根据后文可知，对这次营救持表扬的态度，故选 D。 【36 题详解】 考查形容词词义辨析。句意：这是世界上第一次无人机营救的事件。A. latest 最新的；B. best 最好的；C. first 第一个；D. quickest 最快的。根据后文 Never before has a drone been used to 可知，之前从未用过无人机营救， 故选 C。 【37 题详解】 考查动词词义辨析。句意：之前从未使用无人机这样营救游泳者。A. rescue 营救；B. warn 警告；C. protect 保护； D. reward 奖励。根据文章可知，本句描述这次营救的意义，故选 A。 【38 题详解】 考查动词词义辨析。句意：去年 12 月，州政府花了 247,000 英镑购置了一些无人机。A. offered 提供；B. bought 购买；C. booked 预定；D. made 制作。根据 It was money well spent,”可知，花钱买的无人机，故选 B。 【39 题详解】 考查连词词义辨析。句意：一些无人机用来定位鲨鱼，而另外一些无人机则装备救生艇。A. Since 因为；B. Unless 除非；C. While 然而；D. Before 在…之前。分析句子可知，前后句属于对比关系，故用 while，故选 C。 【40 题详解】 考查动词词义辨析。句意：一些无人机用来定位鲨鱼，而另外一些无人机则装备救生艇。A. equipped 装备；B. connected 联系；C. covered 覆盖；D. filled 充满。根据前文可知，这些救人的无人机配备有救生艇，故选 A。
第Ⅱ卷（60 分） 第三部分 语言知识运用 第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。
There were many great philosophers in ancient China. Confucius stressed the significance of ____41____ (kind), duty and order in society, ____42____ ideas influenced Chinese society for over 2, 000 years.
Mencius was a student of Confucius’s ideas. His teachings were similar to ____43____ of Confucius.
He ____44____ (bring) up by his mother and had an important position in the government of ___45___ state. He believed man is good, that people would be good if government was kind, and ____46____ people were more important than rulers. Mencius wrote a book ____47____ (call) The Book of Mencius in his last years.
Mozi was also an ____48____ (influence) thinker, whose beliefs were similar to Confucius’s ____49____ some ways. Born into a poor family, he became famous for his unusual clothes and behaviour. Because he considered that government was most important, he spent many years ____50____ (try) to find a state where people would follow his teaching. He believed all men were equal. 【答案】41. kindness 42. whose 43. those 44. was brought 45. a/one 46. that 47. called 48. influential 49. in 50. trying 【解析】 本文属于说明文，介绍了三位杰出的中国古代思想家，孔子、孟子以及墨子。 【41 题详解】 考查名词。介词 of 后接名词作宾语，故用 kindness。 【42 题详解】 考查定语从句。分析句子可知，ideas influenced Chinese society for over 2, 000 years.为非限制性定语从句 修饰先行词 Confucius，从句中作 ideas 的定语，故用关系代词 whose。 【43 题详解】 考查代词。句意：孟子的学术观点与孔子的观点相似。分析句子可知，本空指代 teachings，故用代词 those。 【44 题详解】 考查时态语态。句意：他由母亲抚养长大，在一个诸侯国里担任重要职位。分析句子可知，bring 作谓语，与主语为 动宾关系，陈述过去的事情，故用 was brought。 【45 题详解】 考查冠词。state 为国家，可数名词，第一次提及，故用不定冠词 a 或者 one。 【46 题详解】 考查连接词。句意：他相信人性本善，如果政府仁政，人们就会善良，民贵君轻。分析句子可知，people were more important than rulers 与 that people would be good if government was kind 并列作 believe 的宾语，从句结 构完整，故用引导词 that。
47 题详解】 考查非谓语动词。句意：孟子写了一本书叫孟子。分析句子可知，call 作后置定语修饰 book，与其逻辑主语为动宾
【关系，故用过去分词 called。 【48 题详解】 考查形容词。修饰名词用形容词，故用 influential。 【49 题详解】 考查介词。句意：墨子也是一个有影响力的思想家，他的观点在一些方面与孔子的观点相似。本句为短语 in some ways 在一些方面，故用 in。 【50 题详解】 考查非谓语动词。本句为 spend 的用法 spend time in doing sth 花费时间做某事，故用 trying。
第四部分 写作（共三节，满分 45 分） 第一节 词汇运用每空一词。（共 10 小题，每题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请根据首字母提示及所给汉语的意思，在空格处填入单词的正确形式，并将答案填写在答题卡上。（请在答题卡上填 写完整的单词） 51. One of barcelona’ s most famous ________ (标志性建筑) is the Church of the Sagrada Familia. 52. These ________ (数字) show how fast the population grows in this area. 53. He sat there silently, with his head ________ (埋藏) in his book. 54. The earthquake that occurred in Japan was very ________ (可怕的). 55. He ________ (辞职) from the company in order to take a more challenging job last week. 56. The representative from the two countries had a heated discussion on a wide r________ of issues. 57. It is our hope that all the children can be e________ in a happy atmosphere at school. 58. An earthquake and a flood are natural d________. 59. Weather experts have f________ another sandstorm in a week’s time. 60. More and more people have realized the i________ of English, so they begin to attend all kinds of languages schools. 【答案】51. landmarks 52. figures 53. buried 54. frightening/terrifying/scaring 55. resigned 56. range 57. educated
58. disasters 59. forecast/ forecasted 60. importance 【解析】 【51 题详解】 考查名词。句意：巴塞罗那标志性建筑之一就是圣家大教堂。分析句子可知，本空需用名词，结合汉语意思，故用 landmark，one of 后接可数名词复数，故用 landmarks。 【52 题详解】 考查名词。句意：这些数据显示这个地区的人口增长多快。these 修饰复数名词 figures，故用 figures。 【53 题详解】 考查形容词。句意：他静静地坐在那里，把头埋在书里面。本句为 with 的复合结构，bury 与其逻辑主语 head 动宾 关系，故用过去分词形式 buried。 【54 题详解】 考查形容词。句意：发生在日本的地震很吓人。分析句子可知，be 动词之后接形容词，描述地震的性质，故用 frightening 或者 terrifying 或者 scaring。 【55 题详解】 考查动词。句意：为了从事更有挑战性的工作，他上周从公司辞职了。分析句子可知，本空作谓语，与其主语为主谓 关系，陈述过去事情，故用一般过去时 resigned。 【56 题详解】 考查名词。句意：两国代表就一系列的问题进行了广泛地讨论。本句短语 a wide range of 广泛的，故用 range。 【57 题详解】 考查动词。句意：这是我们的希望，所有的孩子能够在学校快乐的氛围中接受教育。分析句子可知，本句缺乏谓语， 主语为 children，故用教育，与主语为动宾关系，故用被动语态，故用 educated。 【58 题详解】 考查名词。句意：地震和洪水都是自然灾害。本句主语为 An earthquake and a flood，故表语为名词复数形式，故 用 disasters。 【59 题详解】 考查动词。句意：气象学家预报了一周之后还有一场沙尘暴。分析句子可知，本句缺乏谓语，have 后接动词过去分 词形式，故用 forecast，由于其过去分词形式有两种，既可用 forecast 也可用 forecasted。 【60 题详解】 考查名词。句意：越来越多的人意识到英语的重要性，因此他们参加各种培训。the 后接名词，故用 importance。
第二节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 61.假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中 最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；
2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 One day, Dad and I was taking a walk by the lake while a boy rode by at a very high speed. Suddenly, we heard the loud scream. We turned around and saw the boy struggling in the lake, crying out help, Daddy and I ran towards him quickly and had pulled him out of the water. However, the boy rode away immediate without saying “Thank you”. I felt disappointing at his behavior. To my surprises, the boy came back with hot drinks and dry towels several minutes late. Seeing this, I knew I had misunderstood him and felt ashamed of me. 【答案】1. was→were 2. while→when 3. the→a 4. help 前加 for 5.删除 had 6. immediate→ immediately 7. disappointing→ disappointed 8. surprises→ surprise 9. late→ later 10. me→ myself 【解析】 【分析】 本文属于记叙文，讲述作者与父亲在湖边散步，救了一个落水男孩，结果却不辞而别，让作者很失望，最后男孩回来 带着热饮和干毛巾，作者误解了男孩。 【详解】第一处：考查主谓一致。本句主语为 Dad and I 为复数，故谓语动词也应用复数，故把 was 改为 were。 第二处：考查连词。句意：我和父亲在湖边散步的时候，一个男孩飞快地从我们旁边骑车经过。本句为结构 be doing
sth when 正在做某事的时候突然，故把 while 改为 when。 第三处：考查冠词。句意：突然我们听到一声尖叫。分析句子可知，loud scream 尖叫为可数名词，第一次提及，故 用不定冠词，故把 the 改为 a。 第四处：考查介词。句意：我们转身一看，发现男孩正在湖里挣扎，大声求救。分析句子可知，crying out 的目的 是为了求救，故在 help 前加 for。 第五处：考查时态。句意：我和父亲快速跑过去，把他从湖里拉上来。分析句子可知，本文陈述作者救人的事情，故 用一般过去时，故去掉 had。 第六处：考查副词。修饰动词 rode away 用副词，故把 immediate 改为 immediately。 第七处：考查形容词。本句为描述作者的感受，故把 disappointing 改为 disappointed。 第八处：考查固定短语。句意：让我惊讶的是，几分钟之后，男孩回来了，带着热饮和干毛巾。本句为短语 to one’s surprise 令某人惊讶的是，故把 surprises 改为 surprise。 第九处：考查副词。几分钟之后，用 later，故把 late 改为 later。 第十处：考查代词。句意：看到这，我知道误解了他，因此感到很愧疚。由于主语为 I，宾语与主语人称一致，故用 反身代词作宾语，故把 me 改为 myself。 【点睛】反身代词的用法。 1.作宾语，通常表示反身代词与句中的主语是同一人例如： Jane is too young to look after herself.简年纪太 小，以至于不能照看自己。He didn't hurt himself, thank goodness.他未伤了他自己，谢天谢地。 2.作同位语，用来加强某个名词或者代词的语气，可译成“亲自”、“本人”。此时，在句中作同位语。例如：You must do it yourself. 你必须自己做。 I myself did the homework last night. 昨晚是我自己做了家庭作业。 3.固定短语，与 by 搭配，意为：单独地，没有人帮助的。例如：We must finish it all by ourselves.我们必须全 靠自己去完成。He can swim all by himself. 他能独自一个人游泳。 比如第十处，由于主语为 I，宾语与主语人称一致，故用反身代词作宾语，故把 me 改为 myself。
第三节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 62.假设你是北京市某中学的学生李华，请根据以下提示，针对北京市遭沙尘暴袭击的情况，向某英语报社写一封信， 呼吁大家植树造林，保护环境。 1. 过去家乡树木成林：如今人们毁林种地建房； 2. 气候变化，土地沙漠化； 3. 植树造林，人人有责。 注意：1. 词数 100 左右：开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。
3. 开头语已为你写好。 Dear Editor,
I’m a student at a middle school of Beijing. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________
Yours, Li Hua 【答案】Dear Editor, I’m a student at a middle school of Beijing. I’m writing to express my great concern for the environment in my hometown. My hometown used to be a beautiful place. Thick forests and green grass could be seen everywhere. However, in order to build houses and grow more crops, people there cut down many trees. As time went by, the forests were seriously destroyed. Besides, because of climate changes it rains little now. As a result, sandstorms occur frequently, from which people suffer a lot. To prevent the process of desertification, I hope all the people can take good care of the forests and plant more trees. Then our living conditions will be improved little by little. I’m looking forward to hearing from you. Yours, Li hua 【解析】 【分析】 本篇书面表达属于应用文，要求写一封倡导信。 【详解】根据提示可知，本篇书面表达属于应用文，要求写一封倡导信，时态应为一般现在时。关键要点如下：①过 去家乡树木成林：如今人们毁林种地建房；②气候变化，土地沙漠化；③呼吁大家植树造林，保护环境；④植树造林， 人人有责。 第二步：根据关键要点，确定关键词，如：thick forests and green grass（青山绿水），climate change（气候变 化），desertification（沙漠化），take good care of（照顾）等。 第三步：根据提示及关键词进行遣词造句，注意主谓一致和时态问题以及句子结构完整。
第四步：连句成文，注意使用恰当的连词进行句子之间的衔接与过渡，使之自然流畅，书写一定要规范清晰，保持整 洁美观的卷面。 【点睛】本篇范文结构清晰，内容完整，过渡衔接严谨自然，符合书信的要求，其中不乏亮点句型。 时间状语从句的使用 As time went by, the forests were seriously destroyed. 非限制性定语从句的使用 As a result, sandstorms occur frequently, from which people suffer a lot.